Casino Players: Formerly

The Caesars , Emperors, Ancient Rome – Julius (100-44 BC) participated in public gambling during the week of the festival Saturnalia and proclaimed, when crossing the river Rubicão, ‘alea jacta est’ is posted ”). Augustus (63 BC-14 AD) played “Alea” (a primitive form of backgammon) and raffles conducted to give gifts to banquet guests. Claudius (10 BC-54 AD) had a special table made to play data while traveling in carriages trembling. he was a player so passionate about data that occasionally summoned men to play with him, having forgotten that he had the runs. Caligula(12-41 AD) bet on carriage races and dice games, and converted his imperial palace into a gambling house to raise money for the treasury, and dice were played on his sister’s funeral day. Nero (37-68 AD) loved all kinds of sports and games, as well as betting on them, promoting rounds of gambling at the annuals in the palace, risked huge amounts of money on dice.

Casino Players: 15th-18th Century

Lorenzo de ‘Medici, Statesman , Italy (1449-1492) – Renaissance politician from the Florentine Republic who supported arts and sponsored artists. He supported card games, some of which he created, and casino games often referred to as bassetta and il frusso in poetry. He became known as a skillful card game player.

Casino Players: 18th Century

William Penn , Founder of Pennsylvania, England-North America (1644-1718) – Quaker who founded the colony in North America, which came to be known as Pennsylvania in the United States. A letter to the land was eventually awarded to satisfy a £ 16,000 £ 16,000 play debt from Penn’s father, Sir William Penn.

Voltaire , Author, France (1694-1778) – A historian of the French Enlightenment era was an avid player. When the French government instituted a lottery that only buyers of certain bonds could enter, it developed a strategy to take advantage of the entry rules by obtaining titles that allowed the maximum number of entries. He and his investors won a large portion of the lottery money paid during that period. The government tried to avoid paying, but he won in court. He eventually played Faro (card game) and Biribi (a type of roulette with numbers drawn from a sack).

Giacomo Casanova , Memoirist-Lover, Venis, Italy (1725-1798) – An adventurer who played regularly, taking the Lighthouse as his preference . He once lost 5,000 gold pieces in two days in Venice. Casanova was also a notorious womanizer who used his charm to seduce rich women to settle their gambling debts. He wrote about the game in his memoirs, including sessions at Il Ridotto , a wing of Venice’s San Moisè Palace.

John Montagu , 4th Earl of the Sandwich , England, United Kingdom (1718-1792) – He was a dedicated player and player who played White’s marathons in London. Around 1765, in White, he invented (or popularized) the practice of eating meat between slices of bread, which began as a convenience to keep his hands clean and to avoid soiling the letters became known as the sandwich .

George Washington , General / President, USA (1732-1799) – He kept a detailed diary of his gains and losses in the cards.

Casino Players: 19th-20th Century

Thomas Jefferson , President, USA (1743-1826) – Played regularly during the period of the Declaration of Independence. Among the gains and losses recorded in games such as backgammon, lotteries, cross / pile (heads / tails), and various other card games.

Jane Austen , Author, British (1775-1817) – The writer often used card games in novels to reveal character traits and personality. Novels like Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility mentioned lottery tickets, quadrille, vengt-un, whist, and piquet games.

Napoleon Bonaparte , General / Emperor, France (1769-1821) – The famous General valued the games of skill and strategy that he employed in his battles. He supported casinos in France and helped popularize vingt-un . His nephew, Lucien, has become a successful player.

George ‘Beau’ Brummell , Fashion Leader, British (1778-1840) – Friend of King George IV and respected intellectual who played frequently and lost. He fell among the rich multitude and much accumulated debt ultimately fled to Calais to live the rest of his days in poverty.

Russian WritersAlexander Pushkin (1799-1837) He spent his early years drinking and gambling, consequently he amassed enough debt to try to get a second mortgage on his wife’s servants. He wrote The Queen of Spades on the theme of the game.

Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881) Author of The Gambler to pay casino debts, he focused on the story about the much loved casinos Baden-Baden .

Casino Players: 20th Century to 21st

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) He entered the Russian Army to escape the gambling debts in a publishing house, which occurred for playing billiards. He eventually renounced the manuscript The Cossacks as payment.

Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883) Author of Smoke, a book about casinos in Baden-Baden. In unrelated incidents, Turgenev was called in to rescue Tolstoy and Dostoevsky from their losses in casinos.

Wyatt Earp , law-gamer, USA (1848-1929) & John ‘Doc’ Holliday , law-player-dentist, United States (1851-1887) – these two players were known in Texas when Earp saved his life of Holliday, and then they became friends and men of the law. Both were known in the (profitably) lighthouse. Wyatt Earp played a controversial role as judge of a ‘fight fight of the century’ in 1896 between Bob Fitzsimmons and Tom Sharkey. After years of the famous ‘Gunfight at the OK Corral’ and Holliday’s died of tuberculosis, Fitzsimmons, heavily favored and dominating the fight, was disqualified by referee Earp by a punch below the waist. Few have seen the coup disqualified and later reports have spread over a conspiracy to fix the game. Fitzsimmons filed suit to overturn the referee’s decision, prompting a California judge to avoid making such a decision by dismissal as awarding the illegal fight in the state.

HRH Edward VII, Prince of Wales , UK (1841-1910) – King of the United Kingdom and British Domains, and Emperor of India who enjoyed casinos. The Prince of Wales made frequent trips to Monte Carlo, traveling under the pseudonym of ‘Baron Renfrew’.

Winston Churchill , Prime Minister, United Kingdom (1874-1965) – British politician and legendary wartime leader who enjoyed taking risks in casinos, gambling, or war. Churchill was regularly involved in poker, bezique, mah jong, and pinochle games. He famously lost considerable money in a poker game with American President Harry Truman and his advisors.

Alvin ‘Titanic Thompson’ Thomas , Gambler, USA (1893-1974) – Road player who was known for betting on golf, dice games, cards, billiards, horses, and proposition betting. Thompson was the inspiration of real life for the character of writer Damon Runyon of Sky Masterson , a rogue gambler. The character has become the basis for the musical and film Guys and Dolls .

John ‘Bet a Million’ Gates, Industrialist, USA (1855-1911) – Pioneer of barbed wire playing high-stakes poker and baccarat. Nicknamed ‘Bet a Million’ because of a winning bet on a horse race in 1900 in England of $ 600,000, in which he had a $ 70,000 stake, although rumors are still circulating that he earned $ 1 million.

Nick ‘the Greek’ Dandolos , Gambler, Crete-USA (1883-1966) – Born into wealth and sent to the US, he was a high-stakes player who bet on horse racing. Dandolos won and lost fortunes in cards, dice and horses. He died bankrupt on Christmas Day 1966, and his legend grew after his death. Now one of the most famous casino players of all time.

James Bond (Ian Fleming & Sean Connery), fictional characters, UK (1953) – British secret agent created by author (and former secret agent) Ian Fleming in numerous books. Film adaptations, beginning with Dr. Noin 1962, made James Bond one of the most valuable film franchises in the world. Bond was involved in high-stakes casino games in various books and movies. Bond’s first book, Casino Royale , starts at a roulette table. In the first Bond movie, Dr. No , he plays baccarat. James Bond plays Black 17 at roulette in Diamonds are Forever . There is a popular story – possibly true, but chronologically hard to believe – that Sean Connery, in 1963 at the Casino de la Valle in Italy, made many losing bets on the black 17 He bet black 17 for the third time, won, and continued The ball fell again on the black 17. He continued with the whole amount and the ball fell on the black 17 for the third consecutive time. He left the casino with about £ 10,000 in winnings. The unlikely element of the story is not the astronomical odds against the same winning number in three rounds; is that he scored this victory in 1963, eight years before the Bond character made the famous black 17 bet on Diamonds are Forever .

Presidential PokerWarren Harding (President, USA, 1865-1923) The US president played poker twice a week with cabinet members in highly competitive games and is reported to have lost to Chinese in the White House in a card game high Franklin D. Roosevelt (President, USA, 1882-1945) was a low-limit stud poker player who hosted regular games during the last sessions of each Congressional night, with the winner being declared in its closing. Harry S. Truman(President, USA, 1884-1972) was a highly regarded five-card stud player who held poker sessions while the press considered atomic bomb attacks on Japan and throughout World War II. He played with Winston Churchill at the time of the ‘Iron Curtain’ speech. Dwight Eisenhower (President, USA, 1890-1969) learned poker and grew up in West Point. There are rumors he has courted his future wife Mamie with his poker winnings. Richard Nixon (President, USA, 1913-1994) learned to play poker while serving in the US Navy, considered a skilled player; he used the proceeds to finance his first campaign for a vacancy in the House of Representatives.

William Lee Bergstrom, Real Estate, USA (1951-1985) – Real estate agent known as ‘The Suitcase Man’ and ‘Phantom Gambler’ for his random appearances and gigantic craps bets. On September 24, 1980, he arrived at Binion’s Horseshoe in Las Vegas and confirmed Benny Binion’s policy of allowing players to set their own casino limit on their first bet. He brought two suitcases: one full with $ 777,000 and the other empty. He bet the $ 777,000 on his first craps bet, won, had Ted Binion’s help to fill his second suitcase, and left town. On March 24, 1984, three and a half years later, he returned, made a single bet of $ 538,000 at the craps table, won the bet, and again disappeared. He returned to his third attempt on November 16, 1984, his suitcase was full, with $ 1 million in cash, gold coins, and bank checks. He bet a million in a round of craps and lost. When he returned for the fourth time on February 2, 1985, he attempted to play in the casino with an obviously forged selection of bank checks worth $ 1.3 million. The next night, at the Marina Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip, he took his own life. According to the notes he wrote to his friends, the main cause of his problems was a romantic relationship that was over. The next night, at the Marina Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip, he took his own life. According to the notes he wrote to his friends, the main cause of his problems was a romantic relationship that was over. The next night, at the Marina Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip, he took his own life. According to the notes he wrote to his friends, the main cause of his problems was a romantic relationship that was over.

Akio Kashiwagi , Entrepreneur, Japan (1938-1992) – a real estate investor who played baccarat high stakes at American casinos, often betting $ 100,000 or $ 200,000 per hand. He entered into disputes with Atlantic City Casino and Aladdin of Donald Trump in Las Vegas due to casino claims and never had his share of the deal, Kashiwagi lost $ 10 million. He was murdered near Mount Fuji in his home, leaving behind millions in gambling debts. The murder remains unsolved.

Archie Karas , Gambler, Greece-USA (born 1951) – A famous high roller who started out as a shark in the pool and was a poker player. Karas built a $ 2 million bankroll at poker tables to lose them in Los Angeles in 1992. Archie famously was “The Run” and turned $ 50 into more than $ 40 million in Las Vegas early on 1995. Later that year, he lost everything by playing poker, craps, and baccarat.

Elmer Sherwin , US Army Veteran, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA (1913-2007) – The retiree took $ 4.6 million in the Megabucks slots machine at a jackpot on the opening day of The Mirage in Las Vegas, 1989. 16 years later in 2005, he won the second 92-year-old Megabucks jackpot at Cannery Casino for $ 21.1 million.

Kerry Packer , Entrepreneur, Australia (1937-2005) – The media mogul who was known for founding the World Series of Cricket also owned a percentage of Melbourne’s Crown Casino. Packer, a high-stakes player, injured MGM Las Vegas Casino in 1997, earning $ 20 million. He also lost $ 30 million once to a bookmaker in Sydney. Known by some as the ‘heavyweight of Baccarat’.

Don Johnson , Player and Corporate Casino Executive, USA (1962-present) – CEO of the company that designs horse racing software. Between 2010-2011, he won $ 15 million in blackjack from three casinos in Atlantic City and New Jersey.

The Innovators of the Casino Through the Ages

Casino Innovators: Formerly

Alfonso X , King of Castile and Leon, Spain (1221-1284) – Author of the first gambling guide, the 98-page Book of Games . Mainly dedicated to chess and board games, but also describing dice games, including hazard, a predecessor of craps.

Marco Polo , Explorer, Venice-Italy (1254-1324) – A merchant traveler who introduced Europeans to Asian cultures. Marco Polo is credited (probably incorrectly) for introducing the Chinese invention of card gamesin Venice, through which the cards spread across Europe.

Innovative Casino: Century 15 to 18

Galileo Galilei , astronomer and mathematician, Florence, Italy (1564-1642) – More famously known for his contributions in the Renaissance period, including the first scholarly article on the probability of different combinations of three thrown data . He held the matter at the request of his patron, Grand Duke Cosimo II, of Tuscany.

Giralamo Cardano , Mathematician and Inventor, Italy (1501-1576) – a prolific writer on various subjects and a curious player. Almost a century after his death, the discovery and publication in 1663 of Liber de Ludo Aleae ( The Book of Games of Chance ) contributed to the theory of probability and understanding of probabilities.

Blaise Pascal , mathematician and scientist, France (1623-1662) – Blaise Pascal developed the first calculator. And more or less at the same time, try to discover the perpetual motion that may have led to the first roulette. Pascal partnered with Pierre de Fermat to develop the theory of probability as a branch of mathematics and social science. Correspondence with Fermat was initiated as a result of questions asked about a game by Chavalier de Mere.

Casino Innovators: 18th Century

Francis White , Casino Operator, Great Britain – Born in Francesco Bianco in Italy, he started with what became one of London’s oldest and most exclusive gentlemen’s clubs in 1693, originally a cafe called Mrs. White’s Chocolate House. White’s moved to its present location at 37-38 St. James Street in 1755. There he kept a book of bets in the 18th and 19th century known for recording the unusual parallel bets . During that period, the members also played faro and hazard on the premises.

Edmund Hoyle , Writer, Great Britain (1672-1769) – Hoyle was an expert gambler who wrote A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist , a standard for countless card games for hundreds of years. He has written help books for backgammon, chess and other games. Highly considered for the knowledge of the games, it led to the expression ‘According to Hoyle’.

Richard ‘Beau’ Nash , Master of Ceremonies, Great Britain (1674-1761) The pioneer of the casino hostposition . Richard Nash served as Master of Ceremonies in Bath spa town from 1704 until his death in 1761.

Casino Innovators: 19th-20th Century

Jacques Benazet , Casino Operator, France-Germany (1778-1848) – He operated numerous gambling clubs in France and Germany, the most famous Baden-Baden in 1838. Under his leadership , followed by his son Edward and his nephew, the popularity of Baden-Baden as a destination casino-spa rose and remains the main attraction for the players.

Antoine Chabert , Owner & Tour Operator, France-Germany (1774-1850) – Bought the Palais Royale in Paris before taking over the Conversation House in Baden-Baden, where it doubled its number of visitors. Chabert also managed numerous German casinos during his lifetime.

François Blanc , Casino Operator, Germany-Monaco (1806-1877) – With his twin brother Louis Blanc (1806-1854), François became the most famous and successful casino operator of the 19th century. The Blanc Brothers opened the Kursaal in Bad Homburg in 1843, introducing roulette with a single zero , and Francois opened the Monte Carlo Casino in Monaco in 1868. François was so successful that he was dubbed ‘The Magician of Monte Carlo’ and the legend started when he made a pact with the devil for his surprising good luck.

Innovator of the Casino: 20th Century to 21st

Charles Fey , Inventor, USA (1862-1944) – Machine builder, born in Vienna, used his knowledge in electrical equipment to invent the first three-cylinder mechanical slot machines in 1895. His Liberty Bell machine paid a 20-coin jackpot for aligning three bells.

Herbert Mills , Inventor, USA (1872-1929) – The rival slot machine manufacturer who created his own Liberty Bell machine in 1905 with different features and improvements. Mills Novelty Company then produced the machine in huge quantities.

Benny Binion , Owner & Casino Operator, USA (1904-1989) – Benny Binion made betting operations in Texas before acquiring holdings in Las Vegas casino in the late 1940s. It was renamed the Horseshoe first property and became a leading casino operator. Binion also introduced innovations such as giving free drinks and other ‘treats’ to players and offering favorable regulation and popularizing bounded bets. With his brothers Jack Binion (born 1937) and Lonnie ‘Ted’ Binion (1943-1998), he established the World Series of Poker in 1970.

Howard Hughes , Investor & Casino Owner, USA (1905-1976) – An eccentric aviator, inventor, and filmmaker who became the owner of the largest casino and landowner in Las Vegas in 1960. Casino owner Desert Inn, Castaways, Frontier , Landmark, Sands, and Silver Slipper. Hughes is widely credited for transforming Las Vegas’ casinos from mafia to corporate control.

Benjamin ‘Bugsy’ Siegel , Mafioso, United States (1906-1947) – The smuggler and famous gambler conceived and oversaw the construction of the first major Las Vegas casino, Flamingo, which opened to the public in 1946.

William ‘Si’ Redd , Investor, USA (1911-2003) – Left Bally, where he was a distributor of gaming and fun machines, in 1978. He acquired the company that became International Gaming Technology (IGT) and developed the first video poker machines in 1979. IGT has become a world leader in betting and lottery machines and systems. Under Redd’s direction, IGT has also introduced progressive slot machines (such as Megabucks ) and popular licensed media slot machines such as Wheel of Fortune and Elvis .

Kirk Kerkorian , Investor & Owner-Operator of Casino, USA (born 1917) – The investor first bought the property in Las Vegas in 1962, leased to builders of Caesars Palace, and sold the land for a profit of $ 9 million in 1968. He purchased the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) film studio in 1969, and opened the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas years later, but later sold the property in 1986 for $ 594 million.

Inge Telnaes , Engineer, United States (1930-2012) (1930-2012) – Norwegian-born inventor, engineer, and software developer, who created the RNG software , allowing slot machines to operate digitally. The development significantly increased the maximum payouts of slot machines, which had already been limited based on the number of results possible from mechanical rollers. Telnaes patented the Electronic Gaming Device Utilizing the Random Number Generator for Selecting the Reel Stop Positions in 1984, which was acquired by International Game Technology .

Sheldon Adelson , Investor & Casino Owner-Operator, USA (born 1933) – The entrepreneur quickly became a young millionaire through real estate and development business. He bought the Sands Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas in 1988 and built the Sands Expo and Convention Center next to it. Adelson later demolished the Sands Hotel and Casino to rebuild it as the Venetian (and later the Palazzo ), also built the Venetian Macau Resort and casinos in Pennsylvania and Singapore.

Sol Kerzner , Investor & Owner-operator of Casino, South Africa (born 1935) – Kerzner has purchased and built several hotels and resorts worldwide. He has built properties in the Western Hemisphere, including Mohegan Sun in Connecticut, USA, and Atlantis Resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas.

Steve Wynn , Investor & Owner-Operator of Casino, USA (born 1942) – Builder and operator of American casino, responsible for the revitalization of downtown Las Vegas in 1970 with the renewal of the Golden Nugget . Wynn, built the newest Las Vegas Strip casino in two decades, in 1989, The Mirage . He also built the Bellagio , Wynn , Encore , and other casinos across the US along with Wynn Macau .

Donald Trump , Real Estate Developer & Owner-Operator of Casino, USA (born 1946) – Has taken over the family buildings, is a business developer and became the largest casino builder and owner in Atlantic Cityin 1980. Its properties include Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, Trump Marina, and the Trump Taj Mahal Casino.

Books on Games and Casinos

Book of Games by Alfonso X, King of Castile and Leon (1283) – The first guide to games of chance. Includes description of dice games, including hazard , a predecessor of craps.

Rinconete & Cortadillo by Miguel de Cervantes (1613) – Short story featuring one of the first descriptions of the game trente-un (31), a game predecessor of blackjack .

The Compleat Gamester by Charles Cotton (1674) – Influential guide to cards and dice games.

Queen of Spades by Alexander Pushkin (1834) – Short story about Hermann, a German engineer with the Russian imperial army, who goes mad in his attempt to learn the secrets of a young countess’s game. Base for the opera of Tchaikovsky of 1890 with the same name.

The Gambler by Fyodor Dostoevsky (1866) – The legendary Russian novelist Dostoevsky, had to finish this story in a hurry – to pay his own casino debts. The story involves debts and features numerous scenes of gambling at roulette tables as time passes, problem solving and debugging characters.

Daniel Deronda by George Eliot (1876) – The story of Daniel Deronda and Gwendolen Harleth begins with Ms. Harleth losing all his money at a roulette table. She attaches a necklace to play more, but Deronda buys it back and has to return it to her later.

Casino Royale by Ian Fleming (1953) – The first James Bond book begins with Bond playing roulette. The roulette table is a frequent scenario in Bond’s novels, and game enthusiasts have already developed a ‘James Bond system’ based on the super spy strategy of fiction.

Beat the Dealer (by Dr. Edward O. Thorp in 1962) – Best-selling book on basic blackjack strategy, card counting, and Dr. Thorp’s experiences testing his academic theories in casinos, accompanied by seasoned casino players and funded research.

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas by Hunter Thompson (1972) – Based on the author’s travels to Las Vegas and published in two long Rolling Stone articles in 1971. Considered a landmark in the work of ‘gonzo journalism’, techniques of fiction, and observation in the stream of consciousness.

The Big Player by Ken Uston, (1977) – The first book that reveals to the public the secret world of card counters and the team game of blackjack. Combined with strategies and reviews of Uston’s casino adventures.

Fools Die of Mario Puzo (1978) – Continuation of the film of the author of The Godfather . Located in Las Vegas in the fictional Hotel Xanadu.

The Eudaemonic Pie by Thomas Bass (1985) – A non-fiction story of a group of graduate students who built computers to predict the results of roulette casino games.

Man with the $ 100,000 Breasts and Other Gambling Stories and Telling Lies and Getting Paid by Michael Konik (1999, 2001) – Two collections of stories by Michael Konik about bets, players, games and casinos.

Bringing Down the House (by Ben Mezrich, 2002) – Best-selling book based on the experiences of the MIT Blackjack Team . Generally characterized as a work of non-fiction, it includes altered names, invented dialogues, compound characters, and altered descriptions of events for the purpose of storytelling. Bringing Down the House was the basis for the movie 21 .

Roll the Bones by David Schwartz (2006) – Comprehensive and lively world history of gambling.

Damon Runyon’s Guys and Dolls and Other Writings (2008) – Collection of true tales and reports by Damon Runyon in the 1920s and 1930s. The collection includes the short stories that form the basis of the musical and film Guys and Dolls and features stories about Al Capone and Arnold Rothstein.

Movies on Casinos and Games

Casablanca (1942) – Most of the film takes place at Rick Café Américain, which has a roulette roulette to benefit the owner (Rick, played by Humphrey Bogart). Rick calls himself a newly married husband, trying to get money for visas to get to America and escape the war, to wager number 22 on roulette. He does it and wins.

Guys and Dolls (1955) – Based on the Broadway musical, which in turn was based on several stories by Damon Runyon , and the movie version starring Marlon Brando as the Sky Masterson player . Frank Sinatra , like Nathan Detroit, singing Luck Be a Lady .

To Catch a Thief (1955) – Alfred Hitchcock movie starring Cary Grant and Grace Kelly , set in villas, casinos and hotels in the French Riviera. Grant plays John Robie, a former jewelry thief hired to follow Frances Stevens (Kelly), on suspicion she is currently a jewelry thief. In a casino scene, Robie (Grant) drops an expensive chip under the neckline of a roulette player .

Meet Me in Las Vegas (1956) – A cowboy bettor discovers that he is lucky in roulette, if he holds the hands of a dancer named Marie. Marie, however, initially does not want to shake hands with him.

Ocean’s 11 (1960) – Original version starring Frank Sinatra as Danny Ocean, plans an assault on five Las Vegas casinos in one night. The film featured the core of Hollywood ‘Rat Pack’: Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford, Angie Dickinson and Joey Bishop. Peter Lawford bought the original rights to the story. When he introduced the plot to Frank Sinatra, Sinatra joked, ‘Forget the movie. Let’s go to work! During filming in Las Vegas, Sinatra paired up at Sands Hotel & Casino’s Copa Room with Martin, Davis, and Lawford.

Honeymoon Machine (1961) – Three men in a naval submarine use the computer of their ship to calculate the trajectory of the roulette ball of the Casino of Venice. Complications arise when the admiral arrives at the casino.

Diamonds are Forever (1971) – James Bond movie based on the romance of Ian Fleming , with Sean Connery as James Bond. Part of the story takes place in Las Vegas at the (fictional) Whyte House, owned by billionaire inmate Willard Whyte. Bond plays craps in the story. A scene takes place on the casino floor in Circus Circus .

The Sting (1973) – One of the most famous films about games of skill and luck, as well as games of confidence (‘cons’). It stars Paul Newman and Robert Redford as dishonest gamblers who try to make money with even the most dishonest gamblers . A highlight of the film is the scene in which the character of Robert Redford loses his previously stolen profits in a fixed roulette.

Lost in America (1985) – The comedy shows Albert Brooks and Julie Hagerty as husband and wife ready to leave their lives behind at a brisk pace. Just days after their new lifestyle driving the country at a Winnebago, they stop in Las Vegas and the woman loses all her money on the roulette wheel. She bet on 22 but, unlike her husband and wife in Casablanca , she never won.

Heat (1986) – Action-adventure film starring Burt Reynolds as a bodyguard in Las Vegas. The film features scenes of Reynolds winning and losing a lot in blackjack. Based on the novel and screenplay by famous screenwriter William Goldman.

Rain Man (1988) – The critically acclaimed film starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise received four Academy Awards in 1989: Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director (Barry Levinson) and Best Actor (Hoffman). The plot relates to a cross-country trip of two brothers, with Hoffman as an institutionalist autistic and Cruise as a selfish and abrasive man before knowing the existence of his brother. They stop in Las Vegas to stay at Caesars Palace, and Raymond (Hoffman’s character) uses his mathematical and mnemonic skills to win in blackjack.

Let It Ride (1989) – Set on a race track, it’s one of the funniest movies about habits, superstitions, and characters in a game environment. Starring Richard Dreyfuss, David Johanson, Teri Garr, Robbie Coltrane, and Jennifer Tilly.

Bugsy (1991) – Warren Beatty plays Ben “Bugsy” Siegel, a New York mobster who went to Los Angeles for bookmakers on behalf of bosses Meyer Lansky and Charlie Luciano. The trip to Las Vegas begins on the road to the creation of the city’s first major resort, the Flamingo. Lack of funds and excessive costs lead to Siegel’s murder. Annette Bening plays Siegel’s love interest, Virginia Hill.

Indecent Proposal (1993) – Robert Redford portrays a billionaire casting his eye on a married woman (played by Demi Moore) in Las Vegas. Redford offers $ 1 million a night with her, and she accepts to fund her husband’s real estate projects. The relationship develops and collapses before she finally returns to her husband (played by Woody Harrelson).

Casino (1995) – Martin Scorsese directed the film that focuses on mobsters Ace Rothstein and Nicky Santoro, moving to Las Vegas to assert control over several casinos. Set in the 1970s and ’80s, the story takes a peek into the real life of men like Anthony Spilotro, with love, drugs and the cruel world of the Mafia. The star cast is headed by Robert De Niro, Joe Pesci, and Sharon Stone.

Croupier (1998) – Clive Owen plays a writer who became a croupier in a British film. The casino world becomes invigorating and assumes your life as well as your romantic relationship.

Run Lola Run (1998) – German thriller focuses on Lola (played by Franka Potente), who gets a phone call from her boyfriend demanding 100,000DM to save her life. She has 20 minutes to raise or find the money and three different ways to get it, one of which involves roulette. Each ‘run’ to get the money ends with very different results.

Owning Mahowny (2003) – Philip Seymour Hoffman stars in the critically acclaimed movie based on the true story of a banker in Toronto who has diverted more than $ 10 million in 18 months to play high-stakes casino games.

Ocean’s Eleven (2001) , Ocean’s Twelve (2004) , Ocean’s Thirteen (2007) – A series of films based on Ocean’s 11 (1960) that begin with simultaneous assaults in various casinos in Las Vegas. The film features George Clooney, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon, Don Cheadle, Andy Garcia, and Julia Roberts.

21 (2008) – Based on Ben Mezrich’s Bringing Down the House , a fictional version of the experiences of the MIT Blackjack Team.

The Hangover (film, 2009) – Comedy about a bachelor party weekend that ends badly in Las Vegas. The film includes a scene in which Alan (played by Zach Galifianakis), contrary to his generally strange behavior, plays brilliantly blackjack, counts cards and wins a lot.

Toy Story 3 (2010) – The popular Disney Pixar movie features a scene in which animated toys establish a casino. A toy is used as a roulette. Bets are on batteries.

Music on Games and Casinos

Ace of Spades – Motorhead (1980) – cards & data

Blackjack – Ray Charles (1955) – blackjack

Casino Boogie – Rolling Stones (1972) – casino, Monte Carlo

Do It Again – Steely Dan (1972) – cards, Las Vegas

Draw of the Cards – Kim Carnes (1981) – Letters

Gambler, The – Kenny Rogers (1978) – poker

Go Down Gamblin ‘- Blood, Sweat & Tears (1971) – blackjack, craps, roulette, casino

The House of the Rising Sun – The Animals (1964) – betting

Junior’s Farm – Paul McCartney (1974) – poker

Leavin ‘Las Vegas – Sheryl Crow (1993) – Las Vegas

Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts – Bob Dylan (1975) – casino, poker

Little Queen of Spades – Robert Johnson (1938) – cards, lucky

Lonesome Loser – Little River Band (1979) – Letters

Luck Be a Lady – Frank Sinatra (1965) – Casino, dice

The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo – Fred Gilbert (1892) – Monte Carlo, Casino

Poker Face – Lady Gaga – (2008) – poker

Pretty Vegas – INXS – (2005) – Las Vegas

Queen of Las Vegas – B-52s (1983) – Roulette, Cards, Las Vegas

Ramblin; Gamblin ‘Willie – Bob Dylan (1962) – cards, dice, poker

Ramblin ‘Gamblin’ Man – Bob Seger (1969) – dice, roulette, betting

Riverboat Gambler – Carly Simon (1976) – casino, betting

Roll of the Dice – Bruce Springsteen (1992) – Craps, Dice

Roll the Bones – Rush (1991) – Dice

Roulette – Bon Jovi (1984) – Roulette

Shape of My Heart – Sting (1993) – Letters

Smoke on the Water – Deep Purple (1971) – casino

Tumbling Dice – Rolling Stones (1972) – Dice

Viva Las Vegas – Elvis Presley (1964) – Las Vegas, casino, blackjack, roulette, poker, slots, craps

Waking Up in Vegas – Katy Perry (2008) – Vegas

We’re An American Band – Grand Funk Railroad (1973) – poker

The Winner Takes It All – ABBA (1980) – Letters, dice

Parallel Betting

Parallel betting is usually bet on questions additional to the casino game or any other game. Sports betting at the casino offers numerous side bets on minor aspects of major sporting events. (Examples: The probabilities of a “safety” in the Super Bowl, or a technical stop in a championship fight.) Casino games occasionally offer parallel betting on the likelihood of certain combinations of cards or dice appearing .

Personal bets between bettors (players usually dedicated to the casino game or professional players) are a particularly well-known type of ‘prop bet’. These bets may seem absurd (and some are), but prop bets may be revealed by tests of players’ physical abilities, knowledge, play spirit and competition, and handicap capability. Even if these side bets are not part of any casino game (and documentation, all being word-of-mouth), parallel betting is a fascinating feature of casino culture and player community.

The caution about accepting the Parallel Bet or ” prop bets ”

Generally, if someone accepts a strange challenge, he will probably succeed. In The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown , the famous story of Damon Runyon (which was the basis for the musical and movie Guys and Dolls), Sky Masterson’s father gives him this farewell advice: ‘Son, no matter how far you traveling, or how smart you are, always remember: Someday, somewhere, a guy will come to you and show you a nice new deck of cards in which the seal is not broken, and this guy is going to offer a bet, in which the jack of spades will jump out of the pack and that will squirm cider in your ear. But, son, do not bet, for you’d think you’re right than having an ear full of cider. “

White’s Book of Wagering

White’s was a private club in London in the 18th and early 19th centuries, it included members who were supposed to bet on anything. Member tales include bets on which of the two raindrops first arrive at the bottom of a window glass, and whether a wounded person who collapsed in front of the club was alive or dead. White kept a book of bets, where he recorded the parallel bets of the members. Most bets involved speculation about future dates of births, deaths, and marriages. According to Claire Cock-Starkey in The Georgian Art of Gambling(British Museum, 2013), the last record of one of the books was a bet between Lord Montfort and Sir Jno. Bland who lived in Beau Nash (the Master of Ceremonies at Bath) and the actor Colley Gibber: between Nash and Gibber, who would live more? White’s book recorded, ‘Both Lord M. and Sir Jno. Bland then ended his own life before the bet was settled. ‘

The Unsinkable Titanic Thompson

Alvin Clarence ‘Titanic Thompson’ Thomas was one of the best US ‘road gamblers’ in the early 20th century. He was the inspiration of real life for Damon Runyon’s Sky Masterson. Titanic Thompson was a master at side betting because he always figured out a way to get an advantage. In a regular trip with other players to Joplin, Missouri, he observed workers erecting a plaque, ’20 miles to Joplin ‘. Thompson hired a man to unearth the plaque, and moved it 5 miles closer to Joplin, and complained so loudly about the imprecision of the signal that his fellow unbelievers bet on him, and lost. He won a bet in which he could throw a walnut on a roof of the hotel. (It was a heavy walnut shell).

The Man with the $ 100,000 Breasts

Michael Konik , in The Man With the $ 100,000 Breasts and Other Gambling Stories (1999), revealed the now-famous story of professional player Brian Zembic who won a bold $ 100,000 bet in 1996 to maintain breast implants for a year. He kept the implants after winning the bet and, according to an interview in 2013, he still had them.

Exile Bets

Other famous parallel bets began with the daring ‘exile bets’, where someone agrees to go or live somewhere for a certain period. These bets tend to be more difficult for professional players than for others because (a) the main attraction of the lifestyle is independence and freedom; (b) professional players spend considerable time in casino environments or other places full of action and visual and auditory stimulation; and (c) a successful casino gambler exiled from casinos means giving up income, and agreeing to spend time away from casinos.

During the 1990s, a companion to professional Las Vegas player John ‘Johnny World’ Hennigan was to prove that he could spend a month living in Des Moines, Iowa, an otherwise habitable city that was the opposite of Hennigan, familiar with Las Vegas, Philadelphia and Atlantic City. The bet was $ 25,000, and Hennigan had to stay inside a designated area of ​​Des Moines, the hotel where he was living, take a golf course as he planned to play golf, and take over a bar which would become his most He was unable to do this for two days. He hated the hotel, the golf course, and the bar, and had no freedom to find (in Des Moines or anywhere else) better conditions. He telephoned the gambler with the bet, offering to accept a reduced payment, since once he had moved to Des Moines, he was obviously able to stay and win. In the end, he had to paya negotiated amount to leave Des Moines earlier.

In 2008, poker players Andrew Robl and Alec Torelli bet with Jay Kwik (known as ‘Bellagio Jay’ for the amount of time he spent at the Bellagio) that he would not spend 30 days living in a Bellagio bathroom in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. Restrictions include limited cell phone minutes and no access to the computer. He was allowed to have access to a small DVD player and food deliveries. Robl and Torelli set up a webcam to monitor the bathroom door and offered anyone online, $ 500 to report an infraction. After 20 days, they paid Kwik with a discounted amount (supposedly $ 40,000) to get out of the bathroom and end the bet.

Lodden Thinks

Two bettors will designate a third person as ‘ Lodden ‘. They pose questions to ‘Lodden’ that require numerical answers. ( Example, the population of Australia, the number of Barack Obama ties, the number of books that ‘Lodden’ has. Lodden’s response is confidential (for a fourth person or on a piece of paper) and the bettors are bidding on an up-down number for Lodden’s response. The game requires a complex analysis: the factual, objective response (if any); an assessment of what the ‘Lodden’ thinks will be the answer; what the bettor believes the opponent thought will be the factual answer or what Lodden thinks; and the above-below price will be set. The game developed its name when a group of poker players invented it at a poker table and professional Johnny Loddenwas named as the person whose responses would be able to bet. The game ends up incorporating numerous participants: two bettors, additional bettors who join the game, a person designated as ‘Lodden’, and others who can contribute with the questions.