Around the world the word ‘casino’ is immediately recognized. In Italy, where the term originated, it is casinó. In Germany, Sweden and Finland, she is kasino . In Poland, she is kasyno . In Portugal, it is a casino . In Romania, it is hunted . Everywhere, it is known as a place where people bet on games.
From its Italian and Latin roots, ‘casino’ literally means ‘small house’, from the root ‘house’ and suffix ‘-ino’ (diminutive).
The first government that recognized the gambling house was from Il Ridotto of Venice in 1638. The first use of the Italian term ‘casino’, however, did not happen before 1744. ‘Cassino’ became known in Italy as a name for a dwelling or summer house. Then it became the meeting name for pleasurable activities, including gambling. Until 1820, an English book on Italy recognized that ‘casino’ had several meanings, including, ‘a set of farm offices, county seat, a gambling house, and a card game’.
Popular Casino Terms
Whether you are entering a gigantic casino resort in Las Vegas or Macau or playing PokerStars Casino in your own home, the casino has a unique language developed for centuries. In fact, this language has spread to everyday life. The expressions we use to win, lose, lucky and even sanity and death reflect the importance of the casino games we play.
Letters as Life – You can find the way to success if you play the right cards . When it’s time to be honest, you put the cards on the table . Defeated? You must have gotten lost in the scramble . It was not your fault; the cards were against you . Unpredictable people are wild . Mad people are playing without the full deck .
Betting as in Life – A conservative person protects his bets . A careful person plays near the waistcoat . To attract interest, you may have to sweeten the pot .
Lucky as Life – Is life going well? You’re on a wheel . In the most positive situations, you hit the jackpot . Maybe you even break the bank . Only rarely do people claim that luck is on their side. More often than not, life situations are a dice game ; it’s all luck and all you can do is let the chips fall where they can . A refusal or failure? No data . The casino language comforts us in the worst situations, like when the chips are on the table , all bets are closed , and you have to bet the last dollar andbreak .
The Life of the Dead Games – Many popular expressions come from games long forgotten. Faro was the most popular casino game in the United States in the late nineteenth century. You could walk into a hall and find Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday playing beacon. (. Betting against rude and questionable characters may have helped kill the game) Several expressions of faro survived the game for at least a century: playing both ends against the middle , breaking even , tight (have little money), the hook ( debt), on the tightrope , stall , catch a tiger by the tail , gamblers (players),keep control , and finger hard .
Other expressions originated from games few casino players could recognize: left in the lurch (the game French board Lourche or Lurch), litany (the Rigmarole medieval game), rabble (also from Rigmarole game and similar games), danger (Game Hazard ).
Popular Casino Phrases for Roulette
Roulette : The roulette developed in France, taking its name from the French expression ‘small wheel’. Renowned scientist and mathematician Blaise Pascal may have been involved in the development of roulette. His quest for a perpetual motion machine led to the next game wheel spinning without friction. Old English games with roulette-like elements included the Roly Poly , Ace of Hearts , and Even Odd . Old Italian games with similar elements, some even observed in the memories of Casanova , include Biribi and Hoca .
Roulette American vs. European : Despite the American obsession with setting standards for all ventures, they clearly failed in roulette. The American version, adding 00 to European’s 0 to 36 numbers model while offering the same European payout, gives the casino an insurmountable advantage recognized by most customers. The European game has also developed additional incentives for players, such as the prisonand le partage bets , which further protect certain bets against the feared zeros. American casinos have developed the custom of giving each player distinct color chips, an unnecessary convenience to an unpopular game. Even here, the French gave the name of ‘the ficheur‘for the mechanical device used to classify the different color chips.
Russian Roulette : It is not a game, or roulette or Russian. The expression literally refers to putting a bullet into a revolver, turning the drum (as in a roulette wheel), and pulling the trigger. Some Russian novels of the nineteenth century described the feat and a myth developed after World War I over the neglect of Russian military officers who allegedly attempted this. By the few incidents recorded with security of people playing Russian Roulette, she gained enormous fame in novels, movies and other representations of war. Most of the time, the expression thrives on popular culture as a metaphor for the cruelty of fate.
Popular Casino Phrases for Blackjack
The game now called Blackjack or 21 was played under different rules and other names for over 600 years. There are literary references of a Spanish trente-un (31) game dating from the year 1440.
Miguel de Cervantes , author of Don Quixote , described in general the rules on a novel by 1613. Variations in other countries include fifteen in France, ventiuna Spain, sette e mezzo Italy, and bone ace in England. (Bone Ace may have been the first game to give as much as one to eleven for Ace.)
The dominant game between these variations became the vingt-et-un (21), which flourished in France in the early 19th century partly because of the interest of Napoleon Bonaparte . In the early 20th century, some American establishments attempted to boost the popularity of 21 players to a tenfold bonus for a natural 21 with a jack of spades. The practice was abandoned but the name remained.
Popular Craps Casino Phrases
Craps : The game of dice in the modern casino is called craps . In most countries it is known by this name. In some languages, the name of the game is the same as the translation of the given word or phrase data set : die (Spain), Würfelspiel (Germany), kosci (Poland), zaruri (Romania). Like many other casino games, its origin and etymology are vague and disputed. A game of data from the Arabian Peninsula, azzahr , became popular as a hazard in England. The smallest roll of data was called crabs. Other stories suggest that the name came from the French crapaud (toad) because it was thrown on the streets and sidewalks with squatting players to reach the dice.
Given : Rolling the bones is a rite of passage of the casino. The oldest pieces of game found by archeologists are dice , made from the talus of a sheep (the talus bone or the bone above the heel, also called the hucklebone ). The earliest six-sided data discovered in Mesopotamia (northern Iraq) dates from 3000 BC. Data are marked with dots instead of numerals because the standardization of symbols in the swim (1,300 BC) precedes the Hindu-Arabic number system started in 700 BC).
Popular Slots Casino Phrases
The traditional slot machine dates from the 1870s to the 1890s. Coin machines quickly became known as slot machines because of the slot to place the coins. In England, they are called fruit machines because of the popularity of fruit images on spinning rollers. The older machines had mechanical rollers but needed their owner to pay the player. The first popular ‘slot machine’ was Charles Fey’s Liberty Bell in the 1890s. The Liberty Bell’s rolls stopped in a row, she collected the player’s coins on a funnel , and automatically paid itbucket . The noise of coins or metal chips, especially when a payment falls into the bucket, has become the signature sound of casinos where machines have become popular. Of course, the lever that starts the game sequence gave the machines the nickname of an arm bandit .
The popularity of slot machines has survived changes in almost all of the original elements. Digital displays and computers replaced the mechanical rollers. Buttons have replaced or supplemented the levers. Even the sound of the coins has been largely silenced: players enter the coins discreetly. They are paid for with tickets to be exchanged at the cash desk or at the ATMs on site. The distinct view of jockeys from slots with their slot gloves and huge plastic coin buckets also pretty much disappeared.
Popular Baccarat Casino Phrases
Baccarat : The name is derived from the Italian game of Baccarat , and most versions of the game have been faithful to the original name. Punto banco refers to the player and the banker , the two components of baccarat, all over the world the word ‘ bank ‘ is also dictated by a player or player who bets all his money. It is one of the few card games and casino whose name survived after many centuries of game.
The word baccarat currently refers to the worst hand of the game, which is one that totals zero. French terms come to the game, as La Grande is a natural nine distributed in the first two cards, and La Petitewhich is a natural eight. The banker is the dealer in the hand (called the croupier in France), the one who controls the game and the cards, and the dealer (sometimes called a shooter ) receives letters before and acts last. A callman sometimes organizes or calls the game. A palette is a wooden tool used to move the cards, and the shoestores the cards. When a player and the banker tie, the hand is sometimes called a standoff .
Casino Superstitions and Customs
Lucky and Random Numbers
Every casino game has some connection to the numbers. That’s why casino players have superstitions about most numbers.
Six : The number 6 is considered of chance based on the number of the beast (666) in Revelation 13:18. In Asian culture, however, the number translates into ‘everything goes smoothly’. Anyone playing Roulette regularly mocks this superstition: the total sum of the numbers in the layout is 666.
Seven : The legend of ‘7 of luck’ comes from different cultures. The ancient Greeks thought that 7 was of luck. Pythagoras considered 7 to be the perfect number. The seven was also the number of Roman gods, Egyptian gods, wonders of the ancient world, ancient Buddhas and Japanese gods of good fortune. The Old Testament recognizes the 7th day as the resting day if God. The Israelites overthrew the walls of Jericho marching around them 7 times. The New Testament 7 seals in the Apocalypse, 7 celestial virtues and 7 sacraments. These ideas are contrary to the Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai traditions in which 7 is unlucky.
Eight : the most lucky number according to Chinese tradition. A number of eights is even better due to the sound of the Mandarin Chinese word for eights that looks like the word for prosperity. In Cantonese, 8 sounds like the word fortune. The eight is unlucky in India because of its relationship with the words to ‘break’.
Thirteen : The fear of number 13, in fact, has a name, triscaidecaphobia. Superstition was developed from the biblical legend that Judas was the 13th guest at the Last Supper, the first to leave and died by his own hands.
In fact, many other numbers are of luck or chance depending on your nationality and culture. Three is lucky in Sweden and Italy, bad luck in Vietnam and Japan. Four is lucky in Germany, unlucky in China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Nine is lucky in Norway, unlucky in Japan. Seventeen is lucky in Italy.
A congregation member at the church near the Monte Carlo casino left the Sunday service and, on a guess, bet the number 36 on roulette. He had just finished singing hymn 36. He won, told his friends and they all went to church the following Sunday. After the work ended with hymn 27, a large number of faithful walked to the casino and bet on the number 27. Even the number did not win. The faithful crowded the church the following week. The cleric suspected that he had become a hawker for roulette, so he asked for hymns with numbers above 36, the largest number in the roulette layout. The church’s frequency quickly returned to its original size.
Adolphe Smith’s Monaco and Monte Carlo (1912) described several superstitions he witnessed at the Monte Carlo Casino . A woman snatched a five-franc coin in a ceremony with the Pope and had the coin blessed. She took the blessed coin to the casino and won the roulette. Her companion, however, lost in the roulette and complained so much that the woman let her friend hold the lucky coin. Somehow, the friend immediately bet and lost the coin. Smith described an old woman who showed him a bat heart that she carried in her purse, touching her coins in the talisman before throwing them into the roulette wheel.
Some casino players find it unlucky to use the main entrance of the casino before playing. When the MGM Grand opened in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA in 1993, it aggravated the fear of bad luck by designing its main entrance as a gigantic head of a golden lion. (The MGM logo was a roaring lion.) Whether it was the general image of players throwing themselves into a lion’s claws or an Asian superstition about cats as unlucky – or some other reason – the casino redesigned the entrance just five years later .